Herend Porcelán

History

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Herend Porcelain Manufactory operates today as the world's largest porcelain manufactory and as a profitable enterprise. Herend achieves the balance of tradition and innovation passing on its 19th Century traditions into the 21st Century.

The North Sea basin is shadowed by a total solar eclipse.

A new 3D movie introduces the guided tour at the Herend Minimanufactory.

Space probe Rosetta’s lander Philae touches down on comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko, becoming the first spacecraft to land on a comet nucleus.

Hungary presents a Herend porcelain set as official gift to the newborn British Crown Prince George.

As a result of volcanic processes a new island emerges from the Pacific Ocean a thousand kilometers south of Tokyo.

The bust of the former President of Hungary and the former President of the Manufactory’s Board is inaugurated in the Manufactory’s courtyard in October under patronage of the President of Hungary János Áder.

Austrian BASE jumper Felix Baumgartner jumps from a height of 39 km.

Herend is chosen as Hungary’s sole representative in the prestigious French luxury brand association Comité Colbert.

On May 1 the world-famous late Pope John Paul II is to be beatified. This will also pave the way for his canonisation.

A huge vase was made in honour of the upcoming Hungarian Presidency. The vase stands one-metre high, and weighs nearly 25 kilograms. Amongst the Victoria décor's green flowers and butterflies, excerpts from European Union member states' national anthems can be read.

Launched as the iPad in San Francisco, the wildly anticipated Apple tablet-PC lacks a conventional keyboard and operates with a touch screen.

Herend is the first Hungarian product and exhibitor to receive the opportunity to showcase their art amid the Kremlin's  historical walls. On this occasion Herend Porcelain Manufactory presented a gift of an over 2-metre-high giant vase to the Russian Federation.

Construction on the Burj Dubai, the world's highest building is completed.

A professionally as well as artistically important major Herend exhibition was staged at the famous Ariana Museum in Geneva.

The world's longest (32.5 km) suspension bridge, which connects Shanghai with the city of Nantong over the river  Yangtze, is open to the public.

Herend is featured in St. Petersburg again after 107 years staging a representative exhibition at the tsars' summer residence.

Ten years after the first episode the seventh and last volume of J.K.Rowling's Harry Potter series, which has enjoyed unprecedented popularity, is published.

A huge celebration lasting for several days marked Herend Porcelain Manufactory's 175th jubilee with top-notch events featuring great entertainers, cultural treats, and prominent guests.

Ghanaian politician Kofi Annan (UN Secretary General) was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize “for his efforts for a better organised and more peaceful world”.

In line with the expectations of the new millennium, an attractive visitor centre named Porcelanium is to be opened to the public.

On 1 January 1999, 11 countries switched to the Euro, which has since been the common currency in Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Holland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Germany, Italy, Portugal, and Spain.

Herend is awarded with the ISO 9001 Quality Standard Certificate, the first among European Porcelain Manufactories.

A consortium creates this large-capacity optical storage device used mainly to store movies, good quality sound, and data.

On 30 June 1992, Herend Porcelain Manufactory is established as legal successor to Herend Porcelain Factory, the ownership structure of which is unique: employees hold 75 per cent of shares.

Signed on 7 February 1992, the Treaty of Maastricht established the European Union.

The Manufactory's design artists found Herend Studio, and garner major trade accomplishments with their modern designs in ensuing years.

In computer technology, the very first version of the Microsoft Windows graphical user interface appeared in 1985.

In 1981, Herend left Fine Ceramics Works and became an independent company.

In 1981, Commodore presents the  VIC-20 home computer with over a million computers sold worldwide.

Historical research reveals the manufactory's real year of founding and a grand celebration is staged to commemorate the past 150 years.

The landing of the Viking-1 and  Viking-2 space probes on Mars in the summer of 1976 was a resounding success of space probe research of  Mars. These two American space probes were the first to send photographs  directly from the planet's surface.

It garners state recognition and in 1964 opens to the public as a factory collection and specialised trade museum.

History's best known human rights fighter wins the Nobel Peace Prize, as the youngest recipient to do so.

With its over 2 metres of height, the giant ornamental vase comprises three parts, and making it was an extraordinary technical feat.

The world's second highest peak was first scaled by Italian alpinists Achille Compagnoni and Lino Lacedelli on 31 July 1954.

On 2 March 1948, Herend Porcelain Manufactory was also nationalised and, in line with the politics of centralisation and a planned economy, it continued to operate as a member company of FIM (Fine Ceramics Works), the  firm uniting Hungary's ceramics factories.

The Kossuth Prize is a Hungarian honour named after Lajos Kossuth. Parliament established it in 1948 on the occasion of the centenary of 15 March 1848.

In 1939, Herend staged a Centenary Exhibition at the National Applied Art Association's exhibition halls (conjecturing 1839 as the year of founding). The exhibition showcased porcelain production from the times of Mór Fischer, through Jenő Farkasházi's work up to 1939.

At 4.45 a.m. on 1 September 1939 the German army crossed the Polish border, marking the outbreak of the biggest armed conflict in humanity's history.

Besides Herend's professional success, the Chicago World Fair was noted for the beginning of Herend exports to the US.

Rezső Seress composes music to its lyrics and so one of the most famous evergreen songs, the sole Hungarian world hit Gloomy Sunday is born.

In 1929, Ede Telcs was asked to serve as artistic adviser. This marked the beginning of a transformation of the company's artistic management, with a shift in the direction of figurine design.

At the first awards ceremony, no one knew the statuette's name. George Stanley cast Oscar's ultimately approved shape into clay, then into bronze, then coating it with 24-carat gold finish.

The manufactory again becomes a shareholding company. Jenő Farkasházy is art director, with Gyula Gulden becoming executive director.

The designer of the famous Parisian tower and many other buildings dies on 27 December 1923 at his Rabelais Street palace. He was buried in a ceremony worthy of his stature in Paris's Levallois-Perret cemetery.

From 1914, the war had been posed difficulties for the manufactory. Business was reduced to a minimum in wartime. The majority of the factory's employees served in the army, so the plant was barely operational.

On 28 June, member of the nationalist group Black Hand Gavrilo Princip, assassinates heir to the throne Francis Ferdinand and his wife in Sarajevo.  The First World War breaks out as a result.

At the 1904 St. Louis Fair and World Exhibition, Herend once again earns the shiniest prize – a gold medal.

The legendary Spanish painter, one of the 20th century's most mysterious artists and the best known representative of surrealism, was born on 11 May 1904.

Herend wins a gold medal at the international ceramics exhibition in St. Petersburg.

The German company Daimler launches its new car model in Nice and names it after Mercedes, daughter of the customer Emil Jellinek.

Respectful of and following in the footsteps of his grandfather's artistic legacy, the new factory's Art Nouveau products receive recognition and awards at fin-de-siècle world fairs.

American serologist of Austrian descent Karl Landsteiner discovers the A, B, AB and 0 blood type system.

The government backed Farkasházi's ideas. Accordingly, commencing 1 July 1897 and with an annual state funding of 4,000 forints, he was the first to  organise apprentice training in Transdanubia.

In the town of Tata acetylene lamps lit up in twenty-one places at 8.30 p.m. on 24 July 1897, first in the world.

In 1896, the year of the anniversary of the Magyar conquest of the Carpathian Basin, the state offered to sell the factory to Mór Fischer's grandson Jenő. Jenő Farkasházi Fischer (1863-1926) was a trained ceramist with a wealth of experience.

The first Olympic Games of the modern era were opened in Athens, the home of the Olympics of the Antiquity, on 5 April 1896.  Baron Pierre de Coubertin's dream came true!

 

The company formed under the name of Herend Porcelain Works Co. took over company management. The state granted 12 years of tax exemption to the shareholding company and also supported it with an interest-free loan.

On 24 September 1884 The Hungarian Royal Opera House's neo-Renaissance palace opened to the public. Ferenc Erkel became director of the newly opened Opera House.

In 1874, Mór Farkasházi Fischer hands the factory over to his sons, who deemed exclusivity less important. In consequence, the factory was soon compelled to file for bankruptcy.

British Prime Minister Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill was born on 30 November.

At the World Fair staged in Vienna Emperor Francis Joseph mostly purchased Herend porcelain for gifts. Herend's presence  was also characterised by professional successes.

"Little Napoleon" died on 9 January as a result of kidney stone surgery.

Emperor Francis Joseph awards the title of Supplier to the Imperial and Royal Court to the Manufactory managed by Mór Farkasházy Fischer. This is the highest recognition from the imperial court.

The founder of the Hungarian pharmaceutical industry was born on 23 September in the same year in Ecséd.

Emperor Francis Joseph bestowed a Hungarian nobiliary title to the factory owner. Henceforth Fischer began to use the forename Farkasházi, which originates from the Hungarianisation of the name (Wolfshaus) of his Tata family home.

On 7 May 1867, Alfred Nobel was granted patent number 1345  for the production method of dynamite in England.

It was in the hope of conquering new markets that Herend prepared for the second world fair, held this time in Paris. At this exhibition, too, Herend clinched a top prize. A favourable press response had a positive impact on the factory's activities.

On 17 November 1855, the great explorer and missionary David Livingstone was the first European to first catch sight of the great waterfall of the river a Zambezi, which it named Victoria, after the contemporary British Queen.

International success: at the Great Exhibition in London, Queen Victoria orders a china set with a butterfly and floral pattern, which Mór Fischer names after her, and which the world has since known as the Victoria pattern.

The French physicist Foucault experimentally proved that the Earth rotates around its axis.

One of the world's first National Museums opens to the public. Today its collections house over 142 million items of art.

In March 1843, a conflagration caused by arson wreaked havoc, which Herend masters later portrayed on a porcelain plate.

An English gentleman, Sir Henry Cole is credited with turning the idea for the first Christmas card into reality. He was the first director of London's Victoria and Albert Museum.

Herend receives a bronze medal, and Lajos Kossuth recognises, as part of the joyous developments of domestic industrial art, the introduction of Herend porcelain.

Former ship apprentice and arms manufacturer Samuel Colt invents the revolver this year.

The Manufactory flourished, Herend enjoyed its halcyon days under Mór Fischer's management. After taking over the management from Vince Stingl, Mór Fischer truly did his utmost to make excellent quality porcelain measured by international standards.

In 1839, Scottish blacksmith Kirkpatrick Macmillan invented the first bicycle with pedals. His clever machine was moved by pedal arms. In 1842, Macmillan rode on it to Glasgow and back, reaching an average speed of 13 km/hour on one stretch of the 226-kilometre distance.

Archival research proved that Vince Stingl, born in Sopron, who learned the craft of the fine ceramics industry in Vienna, founded the forerunner of Herend Porcelain Manufactory. 

Joseph Nicéphore Niépce produced the world's first known photograph by coating a 20 × 25 cm pewter sheet with bitumen dissolved in lavender oil. One fascinating aspect of the picture is that owing to the eight-hour exposure time the sun lit both sides of the case.

 

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