The raw material
Kaolin is the most important raw material of porcelain manufacturing apart from feldspar and quartz.
Plaster mould making
The negative of the porcelain product is being made, that is the aid of porcelain manufacturing.
Plastic paste for throwing
From the raw materials, after mixing with water, we acquire two kinds of pastes: in the picture you can see the pressing of the viscous throwing paste.
The paste is shaped unto the plaster mould.
Porcelain made by throwing
The finished, still raw porcelain plate.
Liquid paste for casting
The more viscous casting paste is produced by the addition of extra water and other additives.
The plaster mould absorbs a significant portion of the water content of the paste, and the solid grains stick to the wall of the mould: thus an object fitting the plaster mould can be obtained.
Porcelain made by casting
The solidified object becomes visible by splitting the plaster mould.
Woven porcelain basket - the beginning
Special technology: basket weaving.
Woven porcelain basket - final touch-ups
The shape of the woven basket is achieved by strands that are rolled and fitted individually.
Porcelain rose - first petals
Porcelain rose in the making.
Porcelain rose - finishing touches
Bewitching hands shape and put together the various flowers, petal by petal.
Finished porcelain rose
The finished raw porcelain rose.
The plastic flower decorations are placed onto the objects.
Putting the figure together
This is the way pieces made of several parts - typically figures - are put together.
The tool for open-work
With a special double-edged knife, the open-work is effected with extreme precision.
The process of open-work
Each tiny hole is made individually by hand.
Finishing touches prior to firing
The porcelain is cleaned, polished and recorded prior to firing.
First, biscuit firing
Expert hands prepare the raw porcelain objects for the first firing, which is performed at ca. 950°C.
Glazing of the porcelain
After the first firing the objects are glazed.
Second, glost firing
The glaze is fired at a higher (ca. 1400°C) temperature, and the object gains its glistening shine.
Porcelain paints are different powder-based metal oxides.
The preparation of porcelain paint
The powdered paint is mixed with turpentine and with its evaporated remains (the so-called thick oil) making the paint spreadable and processable.
Our porcelain painters work with a multitude of colours.
At times the decoration or the pattern is drawn with pen.
The drawn pattern is coloured using squirrel-hair brushes.
Porcelain painting - flower
Various shades are used to paint the pattern.
Porcelain painting - butterfly
Even the tiniest of motifs are painted by steady hand.
The figures can be decorated in a number of ways.
Along the edge of the plate a stripe is being made.
In Herend we use real gold. The decoration is followed by another decor firing (at ca. 800°C) to allow the pattern to fire onto the surface and dress the product in its spectacular garb.
Get to know the technology of Herend Porcelain Manufactory, which comprises centuries of expertise; get an insight into the steps of manufacturing and decorating porcelain all the way from raw materials to the final phase of painting. With the help of pictures – and wherever a pictogram is shown, through videos – in this chapter the different phases of producing handcrafted porcelain are presented.
The fundamentals of the technology have not changed in decades. This is demonstrated by the two movies shown below: the first one is a real curiosity, made for the 1939 (assumed) Herend centennial. The second movie was shot more recently.