Herend Porcelán

Jenő Farkasházy

1863-1926

Father of the Herend revival.

Jenő Farkasházy, following the family tradition, brought renewed prosperity to the Herend Manufactory.

In 1896 the government sold the Herend Porcelain Manufactory to Jenő Farkasházy Fischer, grandson of Mór Fischer. Being a trained ceramist and ceramic historian, Jenő Farkasházy realized that the best way to preserve his grandfather's spiritual legacy was by making luxury porcelain. This decision was reinforced by the fact that Herend had none of the necessary raw materials, only the wood needed for the firing. He also made a point of training future generations and, as a result of his efforts, vocational teaching began in Herend in 1897.

Herend did very well at the 1900 World's Fair in Paris. While it came up to the expectations its prestige had warranted, the manufactory kept pace with the style trends of the age and produced objects uniquely typical of Herend. At the 1901 World's Fair in St. Petersburg three factories from Austria-Hungary won prizes: Herend, the Zsolnay Factory from Pécs and the earthenware factory from Apátfalva. Herend won gold.

Jenő Farkasházy, who had donated exhibition pieces worth 900 roubles to sick and poor Russian children, was awarded the Order of Saint Stanislaus, 3rd class. The 1911 World's Fair in Turin earned the manufactory yet another gold medal.

Historical and social hardships posed a constant challenge to the entrepreneur, and the First World War dealt a particularly heavy blow to the manufactory. Between 1916 and January 1920 the kilns ground to a complete halt, there was no firing activity at all, only white porcelain painting at the manufactory. In 1923 Farkasházy turned the manufactory into an incorporated company, keeping 50 % of the shares to himself and staying on as artistic managing director. In the following two years a new workers' housing estate was built and further specialists were contracted at Herend. Vocational training also witnessed a revival. Only exports could break the impasse caused by the economic hardships. Yet neither the bad economic situation nor the repeated blows could dampen Farkasházy's pioneering spirit and initiative. He carried on with his artistic plans even at the cost of technical and trade interests. Most of the bibliography he used to that end can still be found in the library of the Herend Porcelain Manufactory. In the year of his death, the Herend Manufactory was awarded the gold medal at the Philadelphia World Exposition as the ultimate recognition of Farkasházy's life work. The artist-manufacturer worked all his life to be equal to his grandfather's legacy, and his innovations in the field of forms, décors and glazes left an indelible mark on the profile of the manufactory.

Ossza meg másokkal is…